White-Tailed Deer: Hunting Season in Texas 2023

White-Tailed Deer: Hunting Season in Texas 2023

White-tailed deer are an important part of Texas’ natural landscape and hunting them is a popular activity throughout the state. Hunting white-tailed deer in Texas is tightly regulated by the Texas Parks & Wildlife Department (TPWD), ensuring that the deer population remains healthy and sustainable for future generations. Before heading out to hunt, it’s crucial to understand the regulations, guidelines, and requirements to ensure a safe, legal, and enjoyable experience.

White-Tailed Deer
White-Tailed Deer

Hunting season dates for white-tailed deer in Texas may vary depending on location, method of hunting, and deer category. In addition to state regulations, there may be county-specific rules that hunters must also adhere to. Licenses and permits are required for hunting white-tailed deer in Texas, and hunters must be aware of the specific hunting zones and any special measures in place for certain areas.


  • Understand regulations and obtain necessary permits for white-tailed deer hunting in Texas.
  • Become familiar with hunting zones, seasons, and county-specific rules.
  • Ensure safety and adherence to legal guidelines when hunting white-tailed deer.
  • The dates for white-tailed deer hunting season in Texas can vary.
  • To hunt white-tailed deer in Texas, you must have a valid hunting license.

Understanding White-Tailed Deer

White-tailed Deer
White-tailed Deer

White-tailed deer, or Odocoileus virginianus, is a popular game animal in Texas. As a hunter, it’s essential for you to be knowledgeable about these beautiful creatures before you start the hunting season.

White-tailed deer are known for their distinctive white tail that stands upright when alarmed, displaying a clear warning sign to other deer in the area. These deer can be found in various habitats across Texas, ranging from dense forests and woodlands to grasslands and agricultural fields. They are incredibly adaptable animals, which contributes to their versatility and widespread distribution.

In Texas, the hunting season for white-tailed deer varies depending on the zone. The general hunting season for the North zone usually runs from October to February, while the South zone has a more extended season, typically starting in September and lasting until August of the following year. You can find more detailed information about the 2023 – 2024 hunting season dates on the Texas Parks & Wildlife Department website.

White-tailed Deer

GeneralNorthNov. 4 , 2023- Jan. 7, 2024
SouthNov. 4, 2023 – Jan. 21, 2024
Special LateNorthJan. 8-21, 2024
SouthJan. 22, 2024 – Feb. 4, 2024
Youth-OnlyNorthOct. 28-29, 2023 & Jan. 8-21, 2024
SouthOct. 28-29, 2023 & Jan. 8-21, 2024
Archery252 of 254 countiesSep. 30, 2023 – Nov. 3, 2023
Muzzleloader90 of 254 countiesJan. 8-21, 2024
2023-2024 Whitetailed Deer hunting Season Date

A successful white-tailed deer hunt requires understanding their behavior and patterns. Deer are crepuscular animals, meaning they are most active during dawn and dusk. They have an excellent sense of smell and hearing, which helps them detect predators and potential threats, so you should minimize your scent and noise as much as possible during your hunt. Plan your hunting strategy around the feeding pattern of the deer as they tend to be more predictable during these times.

Remember that in Texas, it’s mandatory to report your harvested white-tailed deer within 24 hours in certain counties. You can do this easily by using the My Texas Hunt Harvest mobile application or online version provided by the Texas Parks & Wildlife Department.

By understanding the behavior, habitat, and hunting regulations of white-tailed deer, you can have a more enjoyable and successful hunting experience.

Hunting Season in Texas

Texas offers a variety of white-tailed deer hunting options with different seasons and zones to cater to your hunting preferences. To begin with, Archery Only season allows you to hunt white-tailed deer in all counties with an open season from September 30 to November 3, 2023.

For those interested in hunting during the General Season, it is divided into North Zone and South Zone. The North Zone’s general hunting season spans November 4, 2023, to January 7, 2024, while the South Zone’s runs from November 4, 2023, to January 21, 2024. These zones provide an extended hunting period and accommodate regional variations in deer populations and habits.

If you’re a young hunter, Texas offers Youth-Only seasons specifically for you. In the North Zone, youth-only seasons are scheduled for October 28 – 29, 2023, and January 8 – 21, 2024. In the South Zone, the youth-only seasons are set for October 28 – 29, 2023, and January 8 – 21, 2024, allowing ample opportunities for young hunters to experience and enjoy white-tailed deer hunting.

For those who prefer hunting with a muzzleloader, the Muzzleloader season is available from January 8 to 21, 2024. This distinct season offers a unique hunting experience using this traditional firearm type.

Lastly, a Special Late season is offered in the North Zone from January 8 to 21, 2024. This late-season provides an additional opportunity for hunters to harvest white-tailed deer outside the general season.

In summary, the various hunting seasons for white-tailed deer in Texas cater to different preferences, experiences, and regions, providing an inclusive and diverse deer hunting experience. Ensure to familiarize yourself with the hunting regulations and guidelines before embarking on your next deer hunting adventure.

Legal Regulations and Guidelines

Bag Limits and Restrictions

In Texas, the bag limits for white-tailed deer hunting are established by county. No person may exceed the annual bag limit of five white-tailed deer, with no more than three being bucks. The annual bag limit does not apply on Managed Lands Deer Program (MLDP) properties. Find your county’s specific limits on the Texas Parks & Wildlife Department website.

Antler restrictions also apply in specific counties. A legal buck deer must meet the antler criteria. In most cases, a legal buck will have:

  • At least one unbranched antler, or
  • An inside spread of 13 inches or greater.

During the youth-only seasons, the bag limits and tagging regulations still apply. Be sure to follow all specific regulations for your county or hunting location.

Additional Regulations

Texas also enforces hours of harvest, which are typically from one half hour before sunrise to one half hour after sunset. However, some special regulations may apply in certain cases. All harvested white-tailed deer must be reported within 24 hours using the “My Texas Hunt Harvest” mobile application or online version.

There are also special Youth-Only Deer Seasons organized by the Texas Parks & Wildlife Department. In addition to the general white-tailed deer hunting season, there are Special Youth-Only Gun Deer Seasons, with specific dates for each hunting zone.

When hunting in Texas, it is legal to use calling devices (manual, mouth-operated, recorded, or electrically amplified calls) for hunting game animals and game birds on private property or private water. Hunting from motorized vehicles, power boats, sailboats, or floating devices is also allowed within the boundaries of private property or private water, as mentioned in the Hunting Means and Methods by the Texas Parks & Wildlife Department.

Please make sure to follow all legal regulations and guidelines for a safe, ethical, and enjoyable hunting experience in Texas.

Hunting Licenses and Permits

Before you head out to hunt white-tailed deer in Texas, it is essential to obtain the appropriate licenses and permits. By doing so, you ensure compliance with state regulations, contribute to conserving wildlife resources, and support Texas Parks and Wildlife Department’s management efforts.

To hunt white-tailed deer in Texas, you must have a valid hunting license. These licenses cover different game species and can be purchased annually. You can find detailed information on hunting licenses and their requirements on the Texas Parks and Wildlife Department website.

One option that provides access to various public hunting lands is the Annual Public Hunting Permit. The permit offers nearly year-round hunting opportunities on nearly one million acres of land, including wildlife management areas, state parks, and private land leased for public hunting source. This permit allows you to hunt white-tailed deer, feral hogs, dove, quail, turkey, waterfowl, rabbit, squirrel, and many more game species across multiple areas.

When you harvest a white-tailed deer, you’ll need to tag it with the appropriate hunting license tag. The tag should be placed on the deer as soon as possible after harvest. In some counties, mandatory harvest reporting is required for white-tailed deer. You must report your harvest within 24 hours using the “My Texas Hunt Harvest” mobile application or online version source.

Hunter education is essential for ethical and responsible hunting. Texas law mandates that all hunters born on or after September 2, 1971, must successfully complete a Hunter Education course. The course covers topics such as firearm safety, wildlife management, ethics, and more. You can take a traditional classroom course or an online course, followed by a field day to fulfill the hunter education requirements source.

In summary, before embarking on your white-tailed deer hunting adventures in Texas, ensure that you’ve obtained the necessary licenses, permits, and completed hunter education requirements. Compliance with these regulations not only helps maintain deer populations but also contributes to preserving Texas’s rich hunting heritage.

Understanding Hunting Zones

Hunting Zones
Hunting Zones

In Texas, white-tailed deer hunting is divided into two primary zones: the North Zone and the South Zone. These zones are essential to help manage and preserve the deer population.

North Zone

The North Zone covers most of Texas, including the Texas Panhandle and areas north of US. This zone is known for its diverse game, with abundant white-tailed deer populations. The hunting season in the North Zone usually begins in October, giving hunters ample time to enjoy the crisp fall air and observe the beautiful foliage that Texas has to offer.

During your hunts in the North Zone, be sure to familiarize yourself with the specific areas, regulations, and any additional zones that may be relevant to your hunting plans. Additionally, pay attention to the location of Chronic Wasting Disease (CWD) Zones, as these will determine any requirements for taking your harvested deer to a check station.

South Zone

Venturing into the South Zone, you’ll be exploring the rich and diverse landscape of South Texas, which boasts some of the most ecologically unique regions in the state. The South Zone’s hunting season typically starts earlier than the North Zone, beginning in September.

As with the North Zone, it’s important for you to know the specifics of the areas you’ll be hunting in. Like the North Zone, the South Zone has additional zones and regulations you need to be aware of. Furthermore, with South Zone sharing similar concerns regarding CWD Zones, remember to take your harvested deer to a check station, if required, within the designated timeframe.

By familiarizing yourself with the hunting zones in Texas, you ensure a more successful and enjoyable hunting experience. Happy hunting!

Hunting in State Parks and Wildlife Management Areas

State Parks and Wildlife Management Areas
State Parks and Wildlife Management Areas

In Texas, you have numerous opportunities to hunt white-tailed deer in state parks and wildlife management areas. State parks provide a variety of hunting experiences, from hunting feral hogs and dove to quail and turkey, as well as white-tailed deer. Wildlife management areas, on the other hand, focus on game management and research, ensuring the continued success of deer populations in Texas.

With an Annual Public Hunting (APH) Permit, you get full access to hunt white-tailed deer, feral hogs, dove, quail, turkey, waterfowl, rabbit, squirrel, and more. This permit also grants access to over 180 hunting areas, including wildlife management areas, state parks, and approximately 120 dove and small game areas leased from private landowners.

To hunt in these areas, you will need a Public Hunting Lands Map Booklet, which is an essential resource for locating and understanding the rules and regulations specific to each site. This booklet includes information on state parks, wildlife management areas, and other public hunting lands, ensuring you are well-prepared for your hunting adventure.

Remember, it’s important to follow all applicable rules, regulations, and safety guidelines while hunting in Texas State Parks and Wildlife Management Areas. You should also have a good understanding of the hunting season dates, as these may vary for different game species and regions. Check the 2023 – 2024 hunting season dates to ensure you plan your hunting trip accordingly.

By taking advantage of these public hunting opportunities, you can enjoy the excitement and challenge of white-tailed deer hunting in Texas while also contributing to the conservation and management of this iconic game species. Good luck and happy hunting!

Dealing with Wildlife Diseases

Wildlife Diseases
Wildlife Diseases

As a hunter, it’s essential to be aware of Chronic Wasting Disease (CWD) when hunting white-tailed deer in Texas. CWD is a progressive and fatal disease that affects deer, elk, and other cervids. In Texas, CWD has impacted the native white-tailed and mule deer populations, as well as elk and several exotic deer species.

It’s crucial to recognize the symptoms of CWD when hunting white-tailed deer. Signs of an infected animal may include stumbling, lowered head, droopy ears, weakness, a wide stance, excessive salivation, and emaciation. However, visible symptoms often don’t appear until just before death.

In recent years, the discovery of CWD in new areas, such as Val Verde County, has made disease management even more crucial. As a hunter, you play a vital role in helping control the spread of CWD by following proper guidelines, adhering to hunting regulations, and reporting any suspect animals.

To minimize the risk of spreading CWD, follow these precautions:

  • Do not transport whole deer carcasses out of the county where it was harvested.
  • Process your harvested deer and bone it out before transporting the meat.
  • Dispose of deer carcass remains in designated landfills.
  • Report any deer displaying signs of CWD to your local Texas Parks and Wildlife Department office.

By taking these measures, you contribute to the ongoing efforts to control and prevent the spread of CWD, ensuring healthy and sustainable white-tailed deer populations for future generations of hunters in Texas.

Hunting on Private Lands

Private Lands
Private Lands

As a hunter, you may be interested in hunting White-Tailed Deer on private lands in Texas. Private landowners across various parts of the state often allow hunters to access their property for a fee or through a lease agreement. When hunting on private land, it’s crucial to understand and respect the landowner’s rules and regulations.

In some cases, private lands in Texas may be designated as MLD, or Managed Lands Deer Program properties. This program allows greater flexibility for landowners and hunters to manage deer populations on their land. MLD properties have specific permitting requirements and harvest quotas, providing you with additional opportunities to hunt outside of the traditional seasons.

Before going on your hunting expedition, ensure that you have the proper permissions from the property owner and that you have a clear understanding of the boundaries of the property. This will prevent you from accidentally trespassing or hunting outside of the designated areas.

Purple ribbons are commonly used to mark property boundaries. Property owners tie purple ribbons to trees, stakes, or other markers to indicate the boundaries of a specific land parcel. This color stands out against natural surroundings and is easily identifiable, helping to prevent disputes and clearly demarcate the limits of a property.

If you plan to hunt on private lands, it’s beneficial to establish a good relationship with the landowner. Keep in mind that the landowner may have specific requirements or preferences regarding hunting methods, harvest limits, and other regulations. Being respectful and accommodating to their requests will likely lead to a positive hunting experience and future opportunities.

Remember that hunting White-Tailed Deer on private lands in Texas can be an exciting and rewarding experience when done responsibly and within the established guidelines. Always practice safe hunting methods and maintain a positive relationship with the property owner to enjoy continued access to their land for hunting.

Species Aside from White-Tailed Deer

In Texas, besides the popular white-tailed deer, there are several other species you can encounter during hunting season. One of these species is the Mule Deer, which occupies the western portion of Texas and is known for its large ears and distinctive black-tipped tail.

Another commonly hunted species is the Feral Hog. These invasive creatures can be found throughout Texas and are responsible for significant agricultural damage. Hunters play a crucial role in controlling the feral hog population.

For those seeking a more challenging hunt, Desert Bighorn Sheep can be found in the remote mountainous regions of Texas. These majestic animals are prized for their impressive curled horns and keen eyesight, making them a sought-after trophy for experienced hunters.

Another species, Red Deer, is a non-native species found on select game ranches in Texas. These Eurasian deer are closely related to the North American elk and provide a unique hunting experience.

Finally, for a smaller game alternative, you might consider hunting the Fox Squirrel. These creatures are the largest tree squirrels found in Texas, making them an enjoyable target for hunters seeking a more leisurely pursuit.

Texas offers a diverse range of game animals, ensuring that your hunting experience will be both exciting and rewarding. So, while white-tailed deer may be the most sought-after quarry in the state, don’t forget to keep an eye out for these other species during your hunting trips.

Notifying Authorities

Notifying Authorities
Notifying Authorities

When you harvest a white-tailed deer in Texas, it is essential to notify authorities within the required time frame. The My Texas Hunt Harvest App can be used to report your harvest within 24 hours in specified counties. This requirement is applicable during any open season, including archery, general muzzleloader, and youth seasons.

To comply with state regulations, ensure that your deer harvest report includes accurate information about the deer, location, and date of harvest. If you prefer not to use the app, online reporting is available as an alternative. The app is available for both iOS and Android devices, making it easy to submit your harvest report on the go.

In addition to reporting your harvest, you may encounter check stations, where TPWD biologists and game wardens will inspect your deer for population management purposes. Be prepared to provide the necessary information to these personnel when asked. Don’t hesitate to consult with local regional biologists or game wardens if you have questions or concerns.

For any unusual situations or legal issues, it’s recommended to contact your local game warden, as they are responsible for enforcing hunting regulations in Texas. They can provide clarification on hunting requirements, rules, and potential consequences. However, it is not necessary to provide prior notice to the game warden before hunting, as long as you are following the regulations.

By promptly reporting your deer harvest and complying with Texas hunting regulations, you can contribute to responsible hunting practices and ensure a sustainable future for the white-tailed deer population in Texas.

Understanding White-Tailed Deer Population and Habitat

Population and Breeding

The white-tailed deer population in Texas is estimated at around 5.3 million, making it one of the most populous deer species in the United States 1. These deer can be found in 252 of the 254 counties in Texas, making them highly important for the state’s wildlife resources and economy. You’ll find that mature bucks and younger age classes of deer coexist throughout the state, making the breeding season crucial for population management.

In Texas, the white-tailed deer breeding season typically occurs between October and January, with peak breeding taking place around November. As part of the state’s management strategy, certain areas may only allow the hunting of unbranched antler white-tailed deer to protect mature bucks and help maintain a balanced age class distribution 2.

Habitat and Conditions

The habitats of white-tailed deer in Texas are diverse, ranging from the dense forests of the Edwards Plateau to the open grasslands of the Hill Country. Deer in these areas often rely on lush green spaces, agricultural crops, and acorns as their primary food sources 3.

Habitat conditions are essential for white-tailed deer, as they contribute to the overall health and population of the species. Some years, dry conditions may affect their habitats and influence the deer’s ability to thrive. Remaining informed about Texas’ wildlife resources and ongoing conservation efforts will help you make responsible decisions when it comes to white-tailed deer hunting season and habitat management.


  1. https://tpwd.texas.gov/huntwild/wild/game_management/deer/
  2. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/White-tailed_deer
  3. https://www.ncwildlife.org/Learning/Species/Mammals/Whitetail-Deer

Safety Measures and Courtesy

Safety Measures
Safety Measures

When embarking on your white-tailed deer hunting journey in Texas, it’s essential to prioritize safety and adhere to necessary guidelines. As a responsible hunter, you should also practice courtesy towards others.

Before heading out for the hunt, ensure that you have met the age requirements. If you are under 17 years of age, you must have a guardian’s consent to participate in hunting activities. Your guardian should supervise you during the entire hunting process, ensuring both your safety and those around you.

One crucial aspect of hunting safety is proper firearm handling. Always treat your firearm as if it’s loaded, and never point it at anything you don’t intend to shoot. Keep your finger off the trigger until you’re ready to make a shot, and always wear eye and ear protection.

While hunting white-tailed deer, it’s paramount to be aware of your surroundings and maintain a safe distance from other hunters. When moving through the hunting area, be cautious of your visibility to avoid accidentally being in the line of fire. Wearing bright colored clothing, such as hunter orange, is highly recommended.

In addition, respecting private property boundaries and seeking permission from landowners before entering their property is essential. This not only upholds hunting ethics but also fosters good relationships between hunters and the local community.

When it comes to transportation, operating a motor vehicle during the hunting trip should be done cautiously. Don’t attempt to load or unload your firearm within the proximity of a motor vehicle, as this could lead to accidental discharge. Moreover, never shoot from a moving vehicle, as it not only puts other hunters at risk but is also illegal.

By adhering to these safety measures and exhibiting courteous behavior, you can have an enjoyable and successful white-tailed deer hunting season in Texas while minimizing risks for yourself and others around you.

Post-Hunting Season

Post-Hunting Season
Post-Hunting Season

After a successful white-tailed deer hunting season in Texas, it’s essential to properly manage the harvested deer. In this post-hunting season phase, you need to consider factors like antler quality, daily bag limits, and final destination for your hunt.

Antler Quality

When assessing the antler quality of your harvested deer, note that it is influenced by factors such as age, genetics, and nutrition. To maximize antler development, ensure that you follow the state’s regulations on hunting age classes and adhere to the Texas Parks & Wildlife Department’s white-tailed deer regulations.

Daily Bag Limit

It’s crucial to be aware of daily bag limits and abide by them. In Texas, daily bag limits are set by the Texas Parks & Wildlife Department and vary by county. Respect these limits to ensure responsible and sustainable hunting while maintaining a healthy white-tailed deer population. Check the 2023 – 2024 Hunting Season Dates page for specific information pertaining to your hunting area.

Final Destination

Once you have harvested your white-tailed deer, think about the final destination for your catch. Depending on your preferences, you can choose to donate your deer to a local food bank, process the meat for personal consumption, or if the antlers are trophy-worthy, you can have them mounted and displayed. Always consider proper handling and transportation methods to ensure your harvest reaches its final destination safely and in optimal condition.

Remember to stay informed about Texas white-tailed deer hunting regulations, daily bag limits, and the best practices for post-hunting season. Practicing responsible hunting behavior leads to a more rewarding and sustainable experience for you and future generations of hunters.

Frequently Asked Questions

When does white-tailed deer hunting season start in Texas?

In Texas, white-tailed deer hunting season dates vary depending on the zone. For the 2023-2024 season, the general hunting season for the North Zone is from October 1, 2023, to February 25, 2024. For the South Zone, it runs from September 1, 2023, to August 31, 2024 source.

What are the county-specific regulations for Texas deer hunting?

County-specific regulations for white-tailed deer hunting in Texas require hunters to report their harvest within 24 hours using the “My Texas Hunt Harvest” mobile application or online version source.

What are the hunting license requirements in Texas?

To hunt white-tailed deer in Texas, you must possess a valid hunting license. Texas offers various types of hunting licenses, including resident, non-resident, and senior licenses. Certain exemptions and special licenses may apply to disabled and active military personnel source.

Are there any special hunting seasons for youth or disabled hunters in Texas?

Yes, Texas provides special hunting seasons for youth and disabled hunters. Youth-only hunting seasons typically occur in late October and late January, while hunting opportunities for disabled veterans and mobility-impaired hunters are available through various programs and special permits source.

What are the bag limits for white-tailed deer in Texas?

Bag limits for white-tailed deer in Texas vary by region. In general, the statewide bag limit is five deer per license year, which may include no more than two antlered deer. Additionally, limits may vary by county and specific regulations may apply to determine the maximum number of deer that can be taken source.

What methods are allowed for deer hunting in Texas?

In Texas, you can hunt white-tailed deer using legal firearms, archery equipment, and muzzleloaders. Additionally, crossbows are also allowed in some seasons and under specific circumstances source.


In Texas, White-tailed deer hunting is a popular and traditional activity. With over four million White-tailed deer spread across the state, you’ll find plenty of opportunities to experience this exciting pastime. Whether you’re a seasoned hunter or a beginner, understanding the regulations, season timings, and methods for achieving a successful hunt are crucial.

The 2023-2024 hunting season dates include various types of seasons such as archery, muzzleloader only, and general hunting periods. Familiarizing yourself with these specific dates will ensure that you are hunting legally as well as increasing your chances of success.

Apart from abiding by the hunting seasons, it is essential to adhere to the mandatory harvest reporting requirements for White-tailed deer in certain Texas counties. You can report your harvest through the “My Texas Hunt Harvest” mobile application or the online version within 24 hours.

Practicing safe and ethical hunting methods, respecting the local environment and wildlife, and sharing your knowledge with others contribute to maintaining a strong and sustainable hunting culture in Texas. By staying well-informed, you can contribute to preserving this age-old tradition and the White-tailed deer populations that it relies upon.

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